According to former top UN officials, Myanmar’s military is manufacturing a wide variety of weapons to use against its own citizens with the help of supplies from businesses in at least 13 other nations.
Despite Western-led sanctions aimed at isolating Myanmar’s military, the US, France, India, and Japan are among those mentioned.
According to the study, crimes are committed against people who support the military using guns made domestically.
Since a military coup in February 2021, violence has overtaken Myanmar.
In an effort to oppose military authority, opponents of the coup that toppled the elected government have allied with ethnic rebel groups.
According to the Special Advisory Council on Myanmar report, a number of UN members still supply the military with weaponry.
The ability of Myanmar’s armed forces to create a range of weaponry in-country, which are used to attack civilians, is cited as an equally crucial element.
According to the research, the companies mentioned provide Myanmar’s military with equipment, training, and raw materials, and the resulting weaponry are not utilised to protect the country’s borders.
Yanghee Lee, one of the report’s authors and the former Special Rapporteur on Human Rights for the UN, asserts that no foreign nation has ever attacked Myanmar.
Myanmar also doesn’t export any weapons. It has produced its own weapons since 1950 to employ against its own people.
According to official statistics, the military has killed over 2,600 people since the most recent coup. The actual death toll is estimated to be ten times greater.
According to Soe Win Tan, head of the BBC’s Burmese service, “When it started… it looked that the military might overcome those fledgling opposition movements, but the tide has changed a little bit in recent months and weeks.”
What the Myanmar junta’s air force lacks, according to the opposition, is that power.
Myanmar’s leaders continue to produce a wide range of weaponry, including sniper rifles, anti-aircraft guns, missile launchers, grenades, bombs, and landmines, despite the weight of the sanctions and international isolation imposed in the wake of the coup.
Chris Sidoti and Marzuki Darusman, both members of the UN’s Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar, wrote the report alongside Yanghee Lee.
Along with interviews with former soldiers and satellite images of the companies, their work sources leaked military documents. Photos have also been extremely helpful: pictures from 2017 show that home-made weaponry were utilised prior to the coup.
During the Inn Din Massacre, when Myanmar troops killed 10 unarmed ethnic Rohingya males, soldiers could be seen holding guns made in Myanmar.
Chris Sidoti continues, “More recently, we have the atrocities that took place in the Sagaing district, specifically the bombing and shelling of a school that resulted in the deaths of a lot of children and others.
The weapons discovered, or the military artillery shell casings discovered on that occasion, were easily traceable to those manufacturing facilities.